Bio: (1933-1981) British sociologist. Philip Abrams is one of the most famous representatives of historical sociology. In his book Historical Sociology (1980), he stated that history and sociology are, in essence, the same sciences and that the institutional arrangement of the social sciences influenced the creation of an apparent difference. History tends to study individual problems and be an individualizing (ideographic) science, while sociology tends to be a generalizing (nomothetic) science, but, in essence, the difference is more in emphasis than in method. In the same book, he explores, by using the example of the emergence and development of industry, the causes of great social transformations, as well as the role that actors have in these transformations.